# Mathematical Coincidences II

String theory is rather successful when it doesn’t try to provide us with laws of physics. Here is an example from p.913 of ‘The Road to Reality‘ by Roger Penrose.

# Mathematical coincidences

“In the early 1970s the mathematician John McKay made a simple observation. He remarked that

“196,884   =      1     +     196,883

“What is peculiar about this formula is that the left-hand side of the equation, the number 196,884, is well known to most practitioners of a certain branch of mathematics (complex analysis, and the theory of modular forms), while 196,883, which appears on the right, is well known to most practitioners of what was in the 1970s quite a different branch of mathematics (the theory of finite simple groups). McKay took this “coincidence” — the closeness of those two numbers — as evidence that there had to be a very close relationship between these two disparate branches of pure mathematics, and he was right! Sheer coincidences in math are often not merely sheer; they’re often clues — evidence of something missing, yet to be discovered.”